Knees can be affected by traumatic injury – often while taking part in sports or as a result of work-related accidents – or by longer term conditions which develop over time, such as knee arthritis.
Dr Moopanar carries out a range of procedures to treat conditions affecting the knees. The following is a brief overview of these procedures.
Knee replacement surgery (also referred to as 'knee arthroplasty') is where the knee is either partially or fully replaced by artificial knee joint components (prostheses). A partial knee replacement is also referred to as a 'unicompartmental' knee replacement (or 'mini knee') as opposed to a total knee replacement, and can be an option when only one section of the knee joint is affected. Knee replacement surgery is a treatment for severe arthritis of the knee, damage to or infection of ligaments in the knee, gout, osteonecrosis in the bones of the knee and some bone growth disorders.
Arthroscopic surgery on the knee is conducted both to examine the knee joint and to perform surgical procedures on it.
Revision knee replacement
If a previous knee replacement procedure needs to be corrected, this is referred to as a 'revision knee replacement'. There are several reasons this may be necessary.
The two ligaments that keep the knee joint together and keep the joint stable are the two cruciate ligaments – the 'ACL' and the 'PCL'. Of these, the ACL is more prone to injury and this is corrected in an ACL reconstruction procedure.